In This Issue: March/April 2016 Issue
Topics of interest in the March/April 2016 issue of The Journal of HazMat Transportation.
COMPARING OSHA AND DOT HAZCOM REQUIREMENTS FOR BULK TRANSPORT CONTAINERS
The issue of how and what must be displayed on large volume hazmat containers in transportation is receiving attention with the implementation of the GHS under OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200 (HCS) and recent OSHA interpretive documents. This review takes a critical look at DOT requirements/interpretations and new OSHA HCS requirements and interpretations.
OSHA and DOT HazCom Requirements for Bulk Containers
SELECTIVE TESTING OF NON-BULK PACKAGING --INTERPRETATIONS
The Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) provide relief from rigorous design qualification testing requirements of Part 178, Subpart M, for non-bulk packagings which differ only in minor aspects from packagings which have undergone design qualification testing. This article looks at selective testing provisions for non-bulk combination packagings and related guidance provided in letters of interpretation issued by the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA).
A Look At Selective Testing Provisions for Non-Bulk Packagings and Related Interpretations—Part A: Combination Packagings
TRANSPORT CANADA SEEKS CLOSER HARMONY WITH U.S. AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
Transport Canada has opened consultation with stakeholders on how to best update and harmonize Canadian Transport of Dangerous Goods regulations with international standards such as the United Nations Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN Recommendations) and the U.S. Hazardous Materials Regulations. This article examines the goals and proposed changes of this harmonization initiative.
Transport Canada Move to Increase Harmony with International Regulations
OSHA GUIDANCE FOR HAZCOM 2012
OSHA recently published guidance, titled Hazard Classification Guidance for Manufacturers, Importers, and Employers, to provide assistance for those classifying chemical substances and mixtures under OSHA’s revised Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). This article reviews the guidance document and provides information on OSHA’s request for comments on a draft companion document, Guidance on Data Evaluation for Weight of Evidence Determination.
OSHA Publishes Guidance for HazCom 2012
HAZMAT REGULATORY REVIEW FOR 2015/ PREVIEW OF 2016 REGULATORY AGENDA
This review highlights the hazardous materials-related rulemaking activities of PHMSA and other DOT modal administrations for 2015 and looks at anticipated rulemaking activities for 2016.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION — Part A: Regulatory Highlights For 2015
Part B: Preview of the 2016 Regulatory
STATE REGULATORY ACTION: RAIL FEE COLLECTION AND EQUIPMENT SHARING
Under recently enacted legislation, the State of California’s newly created Regional Railroad Accident Preparedness and Immediate Response Fund Advisory Committee is charged with assessing fees to chemical companies shipping the top 25 hazardous materials transported by rail. The money collected will be used by the State of California to help pay for equipment, training, and resources for emergency preparedness and response. The railroads are not being assessed fees but are held accountable for collecting the fees from the shippers. This article describes recent activities arising from the legislation.
State Regulatory Action
THE JOURNAL ANSWERS READERS’ QUESTIONS
This article responds to recent questions from readers on four topics: use of a UN-certified packaging for limited quantities, reuse of US-manufactured UN drums for export to the US, provision of emergency response information under the ICAO Technical Instructions, and how use of an overpack should be reflected on a transport document for air shipments.
COMMENTS ON DOT LETTERS OF INTERPRETATION
Comments are provided on recent interpretations from DOT concerning the proper shipping description for diesel fuel shipped as a combustible liquid, package testing requirements for biological substances, use of a secondary means of closure, and external inspections for rail tank cars.
- Proper shipping name for liquids reclassed as combustible liquids
- Package Testing Requirements for Biological Substances
- Use of a Secondary Means of Closure
- External Rail Tank Car Inspection
Comments on DOT Interpretations
QUALIFICATION OF INDUSTRIAL PACKAGINGS UNDER ISO 1496-1
This article explores the complexities of, and provides guidance for, qualifying a freight container for use as a Type IP-2 or IP-3 industrial packaging under § 172.411 of the HMR and the freight container certification provisions of the ISO 1496-1 standard.
Type IP-2 or IP-3 Qualification under the Alternate ISO 1496-1 Standard
NTSB RECOMMENDATIONS ON LITHIUM BATTERY SEGREGATION IN SHIPMENTS
The NTSB recently issued two safety recommendations, A-16-001 and -002, to PHMSA addressing the transportation of lithium batteries as cargo on aircraft, concerning segregation from flammables and establishment of requirements for maximum loading densities. This HazMat Alert reviews the recommendations.
NTSB Issues New Safety Recommendations for Lithium Batteries Transported as Cargo on Aircraft
In This Issue: November/December 2015 Issue
A sampling of topics of interest in the November/December 2015 issue of The Journal of HazMat Transportation.
TIANJIN DISASTER LEADING TO CHANGES IN CHINA
Catastrophic explosions rocked Tianjin Port, northern China, on August 12, causing 173 deaths and an estimated 11 billion USD in direct economic losses. This article reviews impacts on hazardous chemical logistics arising from the incident. Impact of Tianjin Disaster on Hazardous Chemical Logistics in China
CANADA’S PROOF OF CLASSIFICATION REQUIREMENT
A regulatory change found in the Canadian (TDGR) stemming from the July 2013 train accident in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec, can be found in TDGR section 2.2.1. It requires consignors to establish and keep available a “proof of classification” for all dangerous goods imported or offered for transport. This article examines the provisions and impacts of the requirement. Canadian “Proof of Classification” Is Unique Canadian Requirement for Dangerous Goods
PHMSA RESPONSES TO INDUSTRY CONCERNS IN THE HM-233E FINAL RULE
PHMSA published the HM-233E final rule, Special Permit and Approvals Operating Procedures and Evaluation Process, on September 10, 2015. This article examines industry concerns and PHMSA’s responses to those concerns in the final rule, in areas such as application backlog and processing time; the scope of an on-site inspection; the fitness determination process, and the legal effect of SOPs. HM-233E: Special Permit and Approvals Operating Procedures and Evaluation Process--Industry’s Comments and PHMSA’s Response
GHS LABELS ON TRANSPORT PACKAGES
With the ongoing implementation of the GHS worldwide, GHS labels are appearing more frequently on the outside of transport packagings. This article looks at the GHS labeling requirements, how they are being implemented and the implications for transport. GHS Implications for the Transport of Hazardous Materials in Packagings
CALIFORNIA STATE BILL COULD IMPACT RAIL TRANSPORT OF HAZMAT
California State Bill – SB84, if enacted, would require fees to be paid by a person owning any of the 25 most hazardous material commodities that are transported by rail in California. In this article the purpose, provisions and potential impacts of this bill are reviewed. California State Bill – SB84
PRE-MEETING REPORT FOR THE 48TH SESSION OF THE UN SCETDG
From November 30 to December 9, 2015, the UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (SCETDG) will hold its 48th session. The agenda includes over 30 papers. This is the second of four sessions which will lead to changes in the 20th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations. The Journal will provide a full report on the proceedings in its January/February 2016 edition. Pre-Meeting Report on Proposals to be Discussed at the 48th Session of the UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
PRE-MEETING REPORT FOR THE 30th SESSION OF THE UN SCGHS
From December 9 to 11, 2015, the UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (SCGHS) will hold its 30th session in Geneva, Switzerland. The SCGHS agenda will address 9 formal proposals (working papers) in nine general topic areas and one or more informal (INF) papers. The Journal will provide a full report on the proceedings in its January/February 2016 edition. Pre-Meeting Report on Proposals to be Discussed at the 30th Session of the UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
PHMSA RESPONDS TO HM-251 APPEALS
On November 18, 2015, PHMSA published a notice responding to five appeals to the HM-251 Enhanced Tank Car Standards and Operational Controls for High-Hazard Flammable Trains final rule. This article reviews the issues raised in those appeals and PHMSA’s responses to appellants. PHMSA Responds to HM-251 Appeals to Final Rule: Enhanced Tank Car Standards and Operational Controls for High-Hazard Flammable Trains
THE JOURNAL ANSWERS READERS’ QUESTIONS
This report responds to three recent questions from readers: using Section 14 of the Safety Data Sheet for an environmentally hazardous substance that is in an excepted quantity; using an emergency response guidebook for shipments by vessel; and, time limits, if any, on movement of a tank car filled prior to a past due test date. Reader’s Questions
COMMENTS ON DOT LETTERS OF INTERPRETATION
Comments are provided on recent interpretations from DOT concerning the classification of aqueous solutions of alcohol, use of the DANGEROUS placard, and the definition of “unrefined petroleum products” as used in the new § 173.41. Comments on DOT Interpretations
In This Issue: January/February 2016 Issue
A sampling of topics of interest in the January/February 2016 issue of The Journal of HazMat Transportation.
On December 4, 2015, the President signed into law the “Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act” or “FAST Act.” Included in this law is the “Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 2015” (HMTSIA 2015). HMTSIA 2015 authorizes appropriations for DOT’s hazardous materials transportation programs.
FAST Act – What's in it? Hazardous Materials Safety and Improvement
PHMSA ADOPTS 96 SPECIAL PERMITS INTO HMR
Final Rule HM-233F, “Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Special Permits,” was published on January 21, 2016, incorporating widely-used or long-standing special permits (SPs) into the Hazardous Materials Regulations.
PHMSA Issues HM-233F Final Rule Adopting 96 Special Permits into the HMR
REPORT FOR THE 48TH SESSION OF THE UN SCETDG
The United Nation Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (UN SCETDG) held its 48th session in Geneva, Switzerland, from November 30 to December 9 2015. The meeting discussed a range of issues from explosives to lithium batteries. The results of discussion here and in the next biennium will culminate in the 20th edition of the UN Model Regulations.
Report of the 48th UN TDG Sub-Committee Meeting: November/December 2015, Second of the Biennium
REPORT FOR THE 25TH SESSION OF THE ICAO DGP
The International Civil Aviation Organization Dangerous Goods Panel (ICAO DGP) met for its 25th session in Montreal, Canada, from October 19 to 30 2015. Amendments agreed to at this meeting will be included in the 2017-2018 Technical Instructions. The DGP also considered decisions made by two previous DGP working group meetings.
A Review of Decisions by the 25th Session of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel (October 2015): Part I - Lithium Battery Related Changes; Part II - Other Amendments Discussed at the 25th Session of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel
INTERNATIONAL PROVISIONS FOR MARITIME TRANSPORT
Amendment 37-14 to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code became mandatory at the start of this year, with SOLAS container weight verification becoming in effect in July. Next year holds voluntary and then mandatory dates for Amendment 38-16, pushing further changes to the IMDG Code.
IMO Update: Changes to International Standards for Transportation by Vessel
GHS HARMONIZATION IN THE US
Incorporating labels from the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) into the US hazcom system is raising many issues for those looking to conduct international trade, such as translation requirements and HCS2012 labeling for exports and imports.
Challenges for Supply Chain Hazard Communication Labeling
CLARIFYING AND CORRECTING LIBATT PROVISIONS
Final Rule HM-260 “Hazardous Materials: Editorial Corrections and Clarifications” was published in the Federal Register to correct misspellings, section references, restore text inadvertently deleted in the process of publishing past final rules and, in response to requests for clarification, clarify certain HMR regulatory provisions.
PHMSA’s HM-260 Editorial Corrections Rule Clarifies Lithium Battery Provisions
OVERPACKS AND PACKAGE MARKINGS
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) includes two requirements relating to the marking size requirements for proper shipping names. Finding a basis in the ICAO TI provides a point of reference for interpretation.
Examining the IATA Size Requirements for Proper Shipping Name Markings
DIFFERING MODAL REQUIREMENTS FOR COMBUSTIBLE PLACARDS
Different provisions exist in the HMR for requiring the lower portion of a COMBUSTIBLE placard depending on the mode of transportation.
Placard Requirements for Combustible Goods in Transport
OSHA’S INSPECTION AUTHORITY AND PRIORITIES
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has authority to inspect workplaces and conduct investigations. Due to its workforce restrictions, it must prioritize inspections according to capacity. Employers are advised to be prepared accordingly.
OSHA Inspections: Agency Process and Employer Prerogative
COMMENTS ON DOT LETTERS OF INTERPRETATION
Comments are provided on recent interpretations from DOT concerning the definition of non-bulk and bulk, definition of a “tank car facility,” and inclusion of “limited quantity” on the NOPIC.
Comments on DOT Interpretations
In This Issue: September/October 2015 Issue
A sampling of topics of interest in the September/October 2015 issue of The Journal of HazMat Transportation.
EUROPEAN ACCEPTANCE OF USA-MARKED PLASTIC PACKAGES
A question has arisen as to whether filled plastic packagings with a “USA” UN mark will be accepted for transport to final destination throughout Europe. It has been suggested that USA-marked packagings were only accepted up to the first warehouse delivery point after sea or air transport from the US. This article answers the question. Acceptance of Filled “USA” Marked UN Plastic Packagings in Europe, page 16-17
POST-HM-251 RAIL SAFETY ACTIVITIES BY THE NTSB AND STATES
Part 2 of a report on the impacts of the HM-251 final rule (Part 1 appeared in the August/September edition of The Journal), this article reviews recent rail-safety related activities, including a National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) brake study, new Transport Canada and Federal Railroad Administration rules for unattended trains, and actions being taken by various state governments addressing the risks of crude oil and similar materials by rail. The HM-251 Final Rule’s Impact Part 2: NTSB Brake Study and Recommendations by State Governments, page 18-21
CHANGES TO EXCLUSIVE USE AND RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY REQUIREMENTS
This article reviews the impacts of recent regulatory changes affecting exclusive use shipments of radioactive materials and radiological survey requirements. Exclusive Use and Radiological Survey Requirements – The New Requirements, page 40-41
CORROSIVITY CLASSIFICATION ISSUES UNDER THE GHS
Use of the Globally Harmonized System’s (GHS’s) provisions for classification and packing group determinations for corrosive materials may lead to higher transportation costs. This article provides an overview of the GHS tiered classification process and addresses current issues. The Journal solicits input from our readers on the problems they may be facing in classifying corrosive products for export to Europe and elsewhere. Transport Corrosivity Issues Brought on by GHS, page 7-9
DOT INTERPRETATIONS ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION
This article provides an overview of the current regulatory requirements for emergency response information and summarizes a number of the many letters of interpretation that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) has issued in recent years in response to inquiries concerning these requirements. LOOKING AT EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION AS ADDRESSED IN DOT LETTERS OF INTERPRETATION, page 27-29
PRE-MEETING REPORT FOR THE 25TH SESSION OF THE ICAO DANGEROUS GOODS PANEL
The twenty-fifth session of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel will meet from October 19-30, 2015, in Montréal, Canada. The meeting will lead to amendments to the ICAO Technical Instructions for the 2017-2018 edition which will be effective beginning January 1, 2017. This article summarizes, and provides links to, the 47 working papers to be considered at the meeting. The 25th Session of the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel Pre-Meeting Report: Review of Papers, page 30-33
COMMENTS ON RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS INTERPRETATIONS
This article analyzes two recent interpretations issued by PHMSA, one concerning the shipping description for a Class 7 (radioactive) YELLOW III- labeled package in a rigid overpack and the other on how to describe an externally contaminated non-spillable wet acid battery that meets Class 7 defining criteria. Two Reviews of DOT Letters of Interpretations, page 34-39
HM-233E FINAL RULE--SPECIAL PERMIT AND APPROVALS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES
This article (HazMat Alert 2015-43) reviews PHMSA’s latest final rule, HM-233E. The final rule, responds to a Congressional mandate and adopts regulations setting forth standard operating procedures (SOPs) to support the administration of PHMSA’s special permit and approval programs, and objective criteria to support the evaluation of special permit and approval applications, such as for determining the fitness of applicants to conduct operations requested in a special permit or approval application. PHMSA Issues HM-233E Final Rule: Special Permit and Approvals Operating Procedures and Evaluation Process, page 27-29
COMMENTS ON DOT LETTERS OF INTERPRETATIONS
Comments are provided on recent interpretations from DOT concerning whether a carrier assumes the role of shipper when using a salvage package, describing an oxygen cylinder with attachments as a “Lifesaving appliance”, and size limits for DOT 39 cylinders used for liquefied flammable gases. Comments on DOT Interpretations, page 22-26